Dr Amandine Gnanguênon is a researcher for the Center Michel de l’Hospital (University of Auvergne, Clermont Ferrand). She is also the project director of the War and Political reconstruction project (http://www.guerre-et-po.com). Hosted by the Institut des mondes africains (IMAF) at the School for Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences (EHESS), this project is the winning project of Paris’ Programme Emergence(s) 2012–2016. In 2014 and 2015, Gnanguênon was based in Dakar as a senior researcher at the Institute of Security Studies (ISS) and in the French Embassy, specializing in West Africa and Sahel issues. From 2010 to 2013, she headed the Africa Programme at the Institute of Strategic Research, Ecole militaire (IRSEM).