Human security introduction
This theme examines the relationship between security and development from local, regional and global perspectives. Insecurity impacts societies as a whole, impedes development and stalls post-conflict reconstruction, often across wider regions. Integrated strategies are needed to solve the conflicts of the 21st century and to build a more secure world.
By the end of the Cold War, the concept of human security had already begun to develop against a background of changing patterns in violent outbreaks. The emergence of internal conflicts in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe sadly illustrated that national and international traditional security concepts fell short. Additionally, with globalization, conflicts – from local to global – are increasingly marked by a shift to transboundary patterns. This requires an appropriate security approach, beyond the focus on the state and more towards multi-stakeholder, transregional and human-centred strategies that sustainably tackle the underlying causes of conflict.These include economic and political inequalities, scarcity, terrorism, migration and the drug trade. The current severe unrest in the Sahel is a clear example of the necessity for a transboundary approach to conflict.
The marriage between security and development policies is inevitably tied up with all sorts of geopolitical interests. Over the last decades important steps have been taken to bridge political, economic, military, humanitarian and juridical goals in a development security nexus. Milestone reports that marked the political debate were the UNDP’s 1994 Human Development Report and more recently the 2011 World Development Report on conflict, security and development. THE BROKER’S aim on this Human Security theme page is to enrich the analysis from a typical critical BROKER perspective applying a multidisciplinary approach, with a focus on what these developments mean for the poor, for inequality, and for regional and global relationships.