The Broker Online

Resources on the middle class

Remmelt is former managing director and final editor at The Broker.
I. Primary data on middle class development

Title

Author/Institution

Year of Publication

National Working Conditions Survey

TNO / CBS

2013

Arbeidsmarkt Prognose 2014 – 2015 [Dutch]

UVW

May 2014

PovCal Net online poverty analysis tool

World Bank

2013

Luxembourg Income Study LIS Data on “Inequality and Poverty”

Cross-National Data Center Luxembourg

2014

Panel Study of Income Dynamics PSID

University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research

2014

World Bank Categorization Country & Lending Groups

World Bank

2014

Income Inequality Statistics

Eurostat

July 2014

II. Reports of international organizations, institutions, and private sector on middle classes

Title

Author/Institution

Year of Publication

The Impending Collapse of the European Urban Middle Class: The European Union’s Denaturing of Space and Place

Guy Lanoue, Vincent Mirza, Jorge Pantaleon

2011

Eurofound yearbook 2013: Living and working in Europe

Eurofound

2013

Arm, ärmer, am ärmsten Menschen mit niedrigem Einkommen steigen immer häufiger ab [German]

Jan Paul Heisig & Martin Ehlert [German Development Institute]

2011

The Middle Class in Europe: Evidence from the LIS Data

Régis Bigot, Patricia Croutte & Jörg Muller (Crédoc), Guillaume Osier [STATEC & LIS]

2012

Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth

OECD

2014

Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising

OECD

2011

The Developing World’s Bulging (But Vulnerable) Middle Class

Martin Ravallion [World Bank]

2009

In Search of the Global Middle Class. A New Index

Urid Dadush & Shimelse Ali [Carnegie Foundation]

2012

Drivers of recent job polarisation and upgrading in Europe – European Jobs Monitor 2014

Enrique Fernández-Macías & John Hurley [Eurofound]

2014

On the Identification of the Middle Class

Anthony B. Atkinson & Andrea Brandolini [ECINE, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality]

2011

Europe’s Societal Challenges: An analysis of global societal trends to 2030 and their impact on the EU

Stijn Hoorens et al. [RAND CorporationEurope]

2013

Capturing the world’s emerging middle class

David Court & Laxman Narasimhan [McKinsey Quarterly]

2010

The making of the middle class in Africa

Mthuli Ncube & Abebe Shimeles [African Development Bank]

2012

Social Justice in the EU – A Cross-National Comparison

Social Inclusion Monitor Europe (SIM), Index Report

2014

A Vulnerability Approach to the Definition of the Middle Class

Louis F. Lopez-Calva & Eduardo Ortiz-Juarez [The World Bank]

2011

White Working Class Communities in Amsterdam

Saskia Welschen [Open Society Foundation]

July 2014

On Social Class, Anno 2014

Mike Savage, Fiona Devine, Niall Cunningham, et al

2014

The Dutch labour market during the Great Recession

CBP Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

June 2014

A Dozen Facts about America’s Struggling Lower-Middle-Class

Melissa Kearney, Benjamin Harris, Elisa Jácome, and Lucie Parker [Brookings]

December 2013

Digital life in 2025. AI, Robotics and the Future of Jobs

Aaron Smith, Janna Anderson [Pew Research Center]

August 2014

Allianz Global Wealth Report 2014

Kathrin Brandmeir, Dr. Michaela Grimm, Dr. Michael Heise, Dr. Arne Holzhausen [Allianz Group]

2014

From the Bottom of the Pyramid to Emerging Middle Classes in Latin America

Sarah Boumphrey [Euromonitor International]

2014

What Opportunities Does Africa’s Rising Middle Class Present?

An Hodgson [Euromonitor International]

February 2013

Consumer Aspirations Study of 5,000 emerging affluent and affluent consumers across Indonesia, India, Nigeria, Ghana and Kenya [powerpoint]

Standard Chartered

June 2014

The Lost Decade of the Middle Class. Fewer, Poorer, Gloomier

Pew Social Research

August 12, 2012

Asian Affluence: The Emerging 21st Century Middle Class

Morgan Stanley Africa

June 2011

Emerging middle class in “fast-track” mode

BBVA, Economic Watch

2013

An Emerging Middle Class

Mario Pezzini [OECD Observer, OECD Development Center]

2012

EU Employment and Social Situation

European Commission, Social Europe Quarterly Review, Publications Office of the European Union

September 2014

Is Europe Losing Its Soul? The European Social Model in Times of Crisis

Daniel Vaughan-Whitehead [ILO]

January 2015

Global Income Inequality by the Numbers: in History and Now

Branko Milanovic [World Bank]

2012

Household Debt Advisory Services in the European Union

Eurofound

2012

Think differently. Humanitarian Impacts of the Economic Crisis in Europe

International Federation of the Red Cross

2013

Quality of Life in Europe: Impacts of the Crisis

Robert Anderson, Hans Dubois, Tadas Leoncikas, Eszter Sandor [Eurofound]

2012

The European Social Model in times of Economic Crisis and Austerity Policies. Portugal

Pilar González, António Figueiredo [ILO presentation]

2014

From Public Sector Worker in Portugal to Cleaner in Switzerland

ILO, Feature Report European Labour Migration

September 20, 2012

Riders on the Storm. Britain’s Middle Income Household since 2007

Nida Broughton, Onyinye Ezeyi, Claudia Hupkau [Social Market Foundation]

April 7, 2014

The Low-Wage Recovery: Industry Employment and Wages Four Years into the Recovery

National Employment Law Project

April 2014

Economic Mobility and the Rise of the Latin American Middle Class

Francisco H. G. Ferreira, Julian Messina, Jamele Rigolini et al. [The World Bank]

2013

Making progressive policy works

Policy Network

April 2014

III. Articles of experts on popular media

Title

Author/Institution

Year of Publication

Middle Class Stagnation

Susan E. Mayer [Boston Review]

2012

Who Is Middle Class?

Joshua Keating [Slate]

June 2014

A slippery ladder: 2.8bn people on the brink

Shawn Donnan, Ben Bland and John Burn-Murdoch [The Financial Times]

April 2014

Even Sweatshops are Getting Automated. So What’s Left?

Andre McAfee”s Blog: The Business Impact of IT

May 2014

How unequal are the Netherlands? [in Dutch]

Monique Kremer, M. Bovens, E. Schrijvers en R. Went [WWR Verkenning]

2014

Is the British Middle Class an Endangered Species?

Andy Beckett [The Guardian]

2010

Wealth without workers, workers without wealth

The Economist

October 4th, 2014

Two numbers that show how badly America’s middle class is hurting

VoxEU

August 25, 2014

The Global Middle Class is Bigger Than We Thought

Ali Shimelse, Dadush Uri [Foreign Policy]

May 16, 2012

Winners of Globalization: The Rich and The Chinese Middle Class. Losers: The American Middle Class

Branko Milanovic [Huffington Post]

November 2014

How Did Canada’s Middle Class Get So Rich?

Derek Thompson [The Atlantic]

April 2014

The Rise of the Global Middle Class

Linda Yueh [BBC]

June 18, 2013

The Great Recession and the Middle Class. Four Experts Debate What’s Next for America

The Atlantic

August 2011

Maechtige Oligarchen, arme Mittelschicht [German]

Deutsche Welle

January 17, 2013

The Middle Class is Steadily Eroding. Just Ask the Business World.

Nelson D. Schwartz [The New York Times]

February 2, 2014

Developing world’s middle class is growing – but so is its ‘near poor’

Nick Mead [The Guardian]

30 January, 2013

More Redistribution, Less Income

Wall Street Journal

Nov 23, 2014

The Great Middle Class Identity Crisis

Simon Kuper [Financial Times]

November 8, 2013

The Recession Blew A Hole in Middle-Class Jobs

Bryce Covert [Think Progress]

May 26, 2014

One in Four American Workers Will Be In Low-Wage Jobs for the Next Decade

Travis Waldron [Think Progress]

August 2, 2012

IV. Scholary articles, Monographs & White Papers

Title

Author/Institution

Year of Publication

Trade, Education, and the Shrinking Middle Class

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) (Emily Blanchard, Gerald Willmann)

2013

What is Middle Class About the Middle Class Around the World

Journal of Economic Perspectives (Abhijit V. Banerjee and Esther Duflo)

2008

The Strugglers: The New Poor in Latin America

Nancy Birdsall, Nora Lustig, Christian J. Meyer [Center for Global Development]

2013

Job Polarization During the Great Recession and Beyond

KU Leuven (Maarten Goos, Anna Salomons & Marieke Vandeweyer)

2013

The middle class in contemporary South Africa: Comparing rival approaches

Ronelle Burger, Cindy Lee Steenekamp, Servaas van der Berg, Asmus Zoch

2014

The Political and Social Implications of the ‘New Middle Class’ in Developing Countries: A Literature Review and Avenues for Future Research

Borge Wietzke & Andy Sumner

2014, May

How Growing Inequality Hurts the Middle Class

Robert H Frank

2007

The Future of Employment: How Susceptible are Jobs to Computerization?

Carl Benedikt Frey, Michael A. Osborne

2013, September

The Middle Class Consensus and Economic Development

William Easterly [World Bank]

2001

The New Global Middle Class: A Cross-Over from West to East

Homi Kharas & Geoffrey Gertz [Brookings]

2010

Growth and the Middle Class

David Madland [Democracy Journal]

Spring 2011

Globalization’s Missing Middle

Geoffrey Garret [Foreign Affairs]

Nov / Dec 2004

Indonesia’s Rising Middle Class to Transform the Country’s Consumer Market

Euromonitor International

July 2012

Income Inequality: Economic Disparities and the Middle Class in Affluent Countries [google preview]

Janet Gornick & Markus Jaentii

2013

The Icelandic Way Out of the Crisis. Welfarism, Redistribution and Austerity

Stefán Ólafsson [Social Research Centre, University of Iceland]

2012

The Political and Social Implications of the New Middle Classes in Developing Countries: A Literature Review and Avenues for Future Research

Borge Witzke, Andy Sumner

2014

Social Class. The Role of Class in Shaping Social Attitudes

Anthony Heath, Mike Savage, Nicki Senior [National Center for Social Research ]

2013

V. (Multi)media and popular dossiers

Title

Author/Institution

Year of Publication

The Fragile Middle

The Financial Times

2014

Inequality in Europe

Open Society Foundation

2014

Staat de middenklasse onder druk? [powerpoint]

Amsterdams Instituut voor ArbeidsStudies (AIAS), De Burcht (Centrum voor Arbeidsverhoudingen)

2013

The key to growth? Race with the machines

Erik Brynjolfsson (MIT), TEDx Talk

February 2013

The Global Middle Class revolution

BBC

2013

Wij en de robots (in die volgorde) [Dutch]

RTLZ

2014

Waarschuwing muiterij middenklasse geen loze kreet [Dutch]

CDA website

2014

De middenklasse kaalgeplukt [Dutch]

Schuttelaar & Partners

2013

Middenklasse brokkelt af [Dutch]

Er zijn geen nieuwe banen voor de middenklasse [Dutch]

Trouw

2014

Arbeidsmarkt veranderd, middenklasse verdwijnt [Dutch]

P&O actueel

2014

Verzwakking middenklasse bedreiging voor welvaart [Dutch]

ABN Amro

2014

Meer groei, minder middenklasse? [Dutch]

The Boston Consulting Group

2014

De automatisering bedreigt de hele middenklasse [Dutch]

De Volkskrant

2014

Meldpunt [Dutch]

KRO

2014

Politiek onderschat problemen middenklasse [Dutch]

Financieele Dagblad

2014

De race tegen de machine [Dutch]

De Correspondent

2014

Vakbond De Unie bezorgd over middenklasse[Dutch]

Nederlands Dagblad

2014

Vermogenswinstbelasting treft vooral middenklasse [Dutch]

Shares Expertise

2014

Middle Class dossier BBC

Can China save America’s middle class?

The new middle class revolution: facts & figures

The evolution of the middle class

BBC

2013, 2014

How to rescure UK middle classes

Americans wealth shrinks middle class falling home prices

Middle class young ‘will fare worse than their parents’

The American dream is now just that for it’s middle classes – a dream

Technology didn’t kill middle class jobs, public policy did

Who exactlyare Ed Miliband’s squeezed middle class?

Middle class voters ‘more leftwing’ than the working class

Now it’s the middle class’s turn to feel the employment earthquake

Obama’s ‘middle class economics’ is proof he has no more campaings to run

The awful truth: education won’t stop the west getting poorer

The Guardian

2013, 2014

Middle Class Series

Center for American Progress

2012

The Middle-out moment

Democracy journal

2013

Progressive Pro-Growth Principles for Trade and Competitiveness

Center for American Progress

2014

What the Middle Class doesn’t understand from Rich People

Business insider

2014

 
Author: Remmelt de Weerd

About the author

Remmelt is former managing director and final editor at The Broker.

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